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konrad
Mój drogi Samie,

Nie możesz na zawsze pozostać rozdarty...
Musisz znów mocno stanąć na ziemi, na długie lata.
Czeka Cię jeszcze tyle radości... tyle ról... tyle zadań...

Zaczyna się Twoja część historii.

sam
— J.R.R. Tolkien, Władca Pierścieni: Powrót Króla (Frodo do Sama)
Reposted fromniewiastadzielna niewiastadzielna

Rola ojca. O korzyściach z bycia zaangażowanym tatą

Jaroslaw Kulbat, fot.SWPS

Wyraźnie jednak widać, jak na naszych oczach zmienia się koncepcja ojcostwa. Współczesny ojciec jest stale obecny w życiu dzieci, jest cierpliwy i wyrozumiały, okazuje bez wahania miłość i troskę. Takich ojców spotykamy coraz częściej na ulicach, w parkach czy galeriach handlowych. Nowoczesny ojciec, nawet jeśli wciąż wykonuje obowiązki rodzicielskie, czyni to z radością i są one dla niego źródłem spełnienia. Osobiste korzyści wynikające z zaangażowanego ojcostwa utrzymują motywację do bycia tatą na wysokim poziomie. I tu czasem pojawia się problem, bo dla wielu ojców wychowanych w tradycyjnym modelu nie zawsze jest oczywiste, gdzie szukać radości czy okazji do rozwoju w relacjach z dziećmi. No właśnie, gdzie ich szukać? Oto kilka propozycji.

Zaangażowane ojcostwo może stać się źródłem poczucia dumy. Najbardziej oczywiste są te sytuacje, w których nasze dziecko odnosi sukcesy. Ale przecież porażka, którą dziecko odnosi w wielkim stylu, po której potrafi się podnieść i spróbować ponownie, też może być wielkim powodem do dumy. Z drugiej strony, sukces ojca w przełamywaniu stereotypowych oczekiwań innych, że mężczyzna nie potrafi zająć się dzieckiem, też może być źródłem wielkiej satysfakcji. I nierzadko wzrostu pewności siebie.

Rozwiązywanie praktycznych problemów związanych z opieką nad dzieckiem wymaga często kreatywności. Zwłaszcza dla ojców wychowanych w rodzinach, w których rola ojca miała tradycyjny charakter i którzy niekoniecznie wiedzą, co robić. Na przykład wtedy, gdy pielucha zrobi się pełna w czasie spaceru po parku.

Utrzymywanie bliskich relacji z dziećmi stanowi świetną okazję do nabrania dystansu wobec siebie. Żeby rozbawić malucha, trzeba czasem wyjść z roli prezesa czy mężczyzny, zrobić śmieszną minę albo przemówić w dziwnym języku. Nierzadko w obecności innych ludzi.

Kontakty z dziećmi mogą być wielkim wyzwaniem, gdy stajemy wspólnie z dziećmi w obliczu porażek czy kryzysów. Nie tylko podczas nauki. Również w zabawie mogą pojawić się porażki czy rozczarowania. Stawienie im czoła, przezwyciężenie negatywnych emocji jest wielkim wyzwaniem dla dziecka, a dla ojca stanowi bardzo skuteczny trening cierpliwości i opanowania.

Zaangażowane ojcostwo pozwala kształtować wymienione wyżej cechy czy tego chcemy czy nie. I w tym sensie odmienia mężczyznę. Na dobre i na zawsze.

źródło: strefapsyche.swps.pl

Audycja o zdradach i psychoterapii

Tym razem zapraszamy do wysłuchania audycji radiowej, podczas której goszcząc w programie Patrycji Wanat z TOK FM opowiadamy o psychoterapii par i o zdradach w związku.

The post Audycja o zdradach i psychoterapii appeared first on Psychologia Par.

High Blood Sugar Levels Linked to Brain Decay

How to Beat Panic Attacks: 3 Simple Mindfulness Techniques

Pause

“By living deeply in the present moment we can understand the past better and we can prepare for a better future.” ~Thich Nhat Hanh

When I was in high school, a hit-and-run car accident changed my world. My boyfriend at the time lost his nineteen-year-old brother to the accident. I had never met his brother, but it didn’t matter; a dark veil had been cast over my life.

In the days, weeks, months, and years following the accident, I sank into a deeper and deeper depression. I started to have panic attacks and I cut myself daily, trying to feel anything other than terror and despair. I sought treatment, met with therapists, tried dozens of medications, and routinely turned back to alcohol when nothing worked.

Before long, I fell in love with a man who was also deeply depressed. Six months after our marriage, I found him collapsed on our living room floor after trying to kill himself by overdosing on his medication. I called the authorities, supported him through the ensuing hospital stay, and turned right back to my unhealthy methods of dealing with the pain.

For years, I muddled through the darkness, thinking I was destined to lead a miserable existence. Over and over, I told myself life would have been so much better if that hit-and-run accident had never occurred. I was convinced it was the one pivotal factor that had destroyed my life.

Eventually, the stress of living this way caught up with me. In addition to the depression and anxiety, I began to have migraines, uncontrollable nosebleeds, and excruciating muscle pain. I went to doctor after doctor and at one point was taking seven prescription medications every day, with no relief in sight.

Finally, it was clear I needed to take a different course of action. I decided to look into meditation. Before long, I had accumulated three meditation methods to try.

The first method was a simple practice of closing my eyes and counting each breath. I tried this until it became evident that I could never get past the number one before my brain started reliving events from my past. Closing my eyes, it seemed, took me too far away from the present moment.

Instead of closing my eyes, I had more success keeping my eyes open and silently but consciously acknowledging my surroundings. Whether I was at home, on the train, or walking down the street, I could practice mindfulness by saying, “Hello, carpet,” or “Hello, tree,” and I was immediately grounded into the present.

Perhaps it seems strange to greet inanimate objects, but it helped me maintain a more immediate experience of the present moment, so I went with it.

After that, I tried body scan meditation, or moment-to-moment awareness of sensations within the body. Taking some time to recognize sensations as they occurred turned out to be a great help in training my mind to accept and acknowledge discomfort until it passed. Seeing that discomfort was a passing experience was a life-changing realization all on its own.

Throughout my meditation experiments, I continued to have trouble staying present for more than a few seconds at a time, but I could see it was beginning to have some benefits.

When I returned to counting breaths, I began to reach two or three or sometimes even ten. With growing faith that mindfulness meditation was having a positive effect on my life, I kept meditating until finally one day my meditation was interrupted by the sound of an ambulance siren.

As I listened to the siren, I felt a panic attack coming on. The siren made me think back to the day of the hit-and-run accident, and when I finally let go of that thought, I thought back to the day of my husband’s suicide attempt.

I braced myself against the panic attack and desperately tried to remember a mindfulness technique I could employ in that moment.

During a panic attack, bodily sensations are extreme, so it made sense to me to try and focus on body awareness and how I was relating to my surroundings.

Despite the inner voice that kept telling me I was going to die, I resolved to experience this panic attack mindfully, from beginning to end. I turned my attention to my breathing and faced that panic attack like it was an ocean wave I was going to allow to wash over me.

While every muscle in my body began to tighten, I consciously tried to let go of the tension and simply notice what was happening in my body, without judgment or blame.

Almost instantly, I experienced a massive muscle spasm that made my entire body lurch. Awareness of my surroundings became a feeling that I was falling through the floor, and I worried this really was the panic attack that would kill me.

But then, the panic, the terror, and all that muscle tension passed through my body in what I can only describe as an enormous wave of energy.

I felt that wave pass from the top of my head through every last finger and toe, and just as suddenly as it had begun, the panic was gone. As I returned to my breathing, I listened again to the siren and, for the first time, I heard a siren that had nothing to do with me or my past. I heard a siren that was a siren and nothing more.

In the five years since this experience, I haven’t had a single panic attack. In my case, panic was an extreme expression of resistance to thoughts and memories I didn’t want to experience. When I learned to stop resisting, I learned to beat panic.

I can’t guarantee that anyone else’s experience will be the same, but perhaps I can share some suggestions based on what worked for me. If you are one of the millions of people in the world who suffer from panic attacks, here are a few methods you can try the next time you feel one approaching.

Counting Breaths

Notice your breathing. Is it rapid and shallow? Is it becoming shallower the more you panic? Take a moment to close your eyes and turn your attention to counting breaths.

If you find you are counting very quickly, see if you can focus on just one or two long inhalations and exhalations. Don’t worry if you can’t get past one or two. If you notice your mind has strayed from counting, congratulations! You have experienced a moment of mindfulness under extremely challenging conditions.

Acknowledging Surroundings

If, like me, you find that closing your eyes makes you panic more, open your eyes and start acknowledging your surroundings. Say hello to your hands, your feet, the ground, the ceiling, a chair, a tree, or anything at all you spot around you. If you feel like this is ridiculous, it is! Allow yourself to chuckle and have a sense of humor about it.

Body Awareness

Turn your attention to what you are feeling in each part if your body. Are your muscles tightening? Can you feel your fingers and toes? What happens if you try to wiggle them? Does the sensation change as you continue to breathe in long inhalations and exhalations? Whatever you are feeling, try to let it happen without resistance.

What I learned from my experience was a lesson I will not soon forget: I only found my inner strength when I stopped trying to fight.

Panic gains momentum from the energy we put into fighting it, and the fact is, we don’t always need to fight it. Life happens to you and me as it happens to all people, whether we are ready for it or not, and all we really need to do is be open to experiencing it one moment at a time.

Photo by Chico Ferreira

Avatar of Krista Lester

About Krista Lester

Krista Lester is creator of the @BunnyBuddhism Twitter feed and author of Bunny Buddhism: Hopping Along the Path to Enlightenment. She is a writer, teacher, meditation practitioner and yoga enthusiast, who shares her story in hopes that it may help others who suffer. To buy the book or keep up with her latest news, visit http://BunnyBuddhism.com.

The post How to Beat Panic Attacks: 3 Simple Mindfulness Techniques appeared first on Tiny Buddha.

You Are More Than Your Past and Your Pain

Let Go

“We are like the little branch that quivers during a storm, doubting our strength and forgetting we are the tree—deeply rooted to withstand all life’s upheavals.” ~Dodinsky

I began struggling with anorexia and bulimia in high school, a development that, in part, stemmed from sexual abuse.

I internalized my struggles and made them a part of me, leaving me with feelings of shame, guilt, unworthiness, and despair. I had completely lost connection with my authentic self and instead, took on the roles of “ruined,” “broken,” and “worthless.”

If you had asked me who I was three years ago, I would be stumped. I would get as far as my name and follow it with “I have an eating disorder.” Even after my recovery, my eating disorder was still a big part of my identity.

I became the protagonist, but my “self” was more about the plot than actual character development. I allowed myself to be defined by external events and situations instead of unveiling my raw authenticity, values, and assets.

My true self was masked by what had happened to me. Somewhere within the storms of my life, I lost myself and adopted a lesser, superficial version of Kelly.

I felt fragile and unsteady, walking on eggshells and avoiding anyone or anything that may elicit a potential hurt or disappointment.

I began numbing myself from unpleasant feelings, and consequently, the pleasant feelings as well. I felt empty inside and weighed down with memories of my past. My life was robotic, predictable, and lacked both meaning and direction.

The thoughts I had adopted about myself became my truth. I believed, wholeheartedly, that I was nothing more than my eating disorder, my trauma, and my circumstances.

It’s easy to take pain, disappointment, and unfavorable life events and internalize them. We struggle with these unpleasant experiences and let them weigh us down when we fail to separate ourselves from them.

By making our past hurts a part of our being, we carry with us unbearable emotional baggage and become overwhelmed by grief, resentment, and anguish.

It is vital, then, to find separation between who we are and what has happened to us.

The best analogy I have come up with to visualize this separation is to view myself as a tree. After struggling for years with pain from my past, I began looking deeper into my being, digging up the roots of what really lies within.

The rain and wind of life’s troubles seemed to uproot me and bend my branches to the point of breaking, and the aftermath of these emotional storms left me feeling scattered, weak, and exhausted.

I found an everlasting steadiness when I began viewing my true self as the trunk of the tree—the unshakable core.

Within this strong and centered point lied my authenticity—my heart, my values, and the myriad of quirks that made me, me. This part of me is protected with layers of bark, which the storms can no longer penetrate.

Instead, the rains of my pain, disappointment, and unfavorable life events became external, rapidly beading off and nourishing my roots, no longer making me feel shaken, but nurturing me for growth.

This is not where the pain ends; this is where it begins. We are shaped by our experiences, not defined by them. They are, in a way, part of us.

Some of these reminders say with us longer than others. They are the leaves that cover our branches. Some fall as winter comes, and time kisses our wounds; and yet others stay with us through the seasons.

They are each unique and beautiful in their own way, shielding us like an umbrella of strength, protecting us from internalizing similar hurts in the future.

Whether bare or full, a tree is a tree. Whether hurt or healing, the external experiences of life cannot change the constant steadiness that is our core—our heart, our unshakeable sense of self.

Who you are is not what has happened to you. The lost are never really lost; even after years of struggling with anorexia and bulimia, and losing myself to my experiences, something still existed deep within, waiting to be found again: the true Kelly.

I encourage you to dig deep, to penetrate the soil, and follow the roots to your heart. There you will find the eternal essence that is you.

Photo by Darla دارلا Hueske

Avatar of Kelly Joyce

About Kelly Joyce

Yogi. Writer. Photographer. Optimist. Recovered from anorexia and bulimia and helping others to do the same. Finding a balance in life and learning to live whole-heartedly. Embracing change and accepting that whatever will be, will be.

The post You Are More Than Your Past and Your Pain appeared first on Tiny Buddha.

The Progressive Parent with Antony Sammeroff

Antony Sammeroff is back, and this time we focus on parenting.  We discuss the importance of being authentic and cultivating good will.  I relate some of my personal experiences parenting, and Antony shares several of his experiences with children as well.  There were definitely some touching moments in the conversation.  If you think you’ll enjoy this discussion half as much as I did then you won’t want to miss it!

Find more from Antony here: 

https://www.youtube.com/TheProgressiveParent

https://www.youtube.com/EnrichYourLife1

http://enrichyourlife.co/

enrichyourlife@outlook.com

 

Related podcasts:

http://choiceconversations.libsyn.com/authentic-relationships-with-antony-sammeroff

http://choiceconversations.libsyn.com/punished-by-rewards-with-alfie-kohn

http://choiceconversations.libsyn.com/how-to-talk-so-kids-will-listen-with-adele-faber

http://choiceconversations.libsyn.com/the-basics-of-p-e-t

 

Coming in late July, The Reboot Your Kids podcast, hosted by Kevin Geary and yours truly!  In this podcast, we explore parenting, health, authentic living, and where they intersect:  http://rebootyourkids.com/

 

Choice Conversations is now on Facebook.  Stop in, say hi, discuss the shows, and more!  If you like Choice Conversations then "like" me on facebook, get notifications, and then share the page with your friends:  https://www.facebook.com/ChoiceConversationsPodcast

Help the Podcast!  I would greatly appreciate it if you went to itunes, wrote a quick review and rated the show.  This is a great way to increase downloads and to help the show grow.  The more downloads, the more easily I can book high profile guests:  https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/choice-conversations/id315666764

 

Bumper music:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JJJ27NxYamY

The Perfect Health Diet with Paul Jaminet

Paul Jaminet joins me to discuss his book and blog, The Perfect Health Diet. Paul delivers some great news: the perfect diet for health is also the most delicious diet!  Learn how to lengthen your lifespan while pleasing your palate.  No compromises here!

We cover a great deal of ground, going beyond just diet.  What are the benefits of intermittent fasting and how best to do it?  Likewise, what are the benefits of improving your circadian rhythms and how best to do it?  What are the best supplemental foods?  How do short and medium chain fatty acids help with longevity?  Is your strategy for getting probiotics into your diet effective?  Find all of this within, plus the answers to several listener questions!

Find more from Paul here:  http://perfecthealthdiet.com/

 

Read his book:  http://perfecthealthdiet.com/buy-our-book/

Attend a seminar:  http://perfecthealthdiet.com/perfect-health-seminar/

Cures for constipation:  http://perfecthealthdiet.com/2011/04/causes-and-cures-for-constipation/

Free software for improving your circadian rhythms:  http://download.cnet.com/f-lux/3000-2094_4-75447318.html  

 

Choice Conversations is now on Facebook.  Stop in, say hi, discuss the shows, and more!  If you like Choice Conversations then "like" me on facebook, get notifications, and then share the page with your friends:  https://www.facebook.com/ChoiceConversationsPodcast

 

Help the Podcast!  I would greatly appreciate it if you went to itunes, wrote a quick review and rated the show.  This is a great way to increase downloads and to help the show grow.  The more downloads, the more easily I can book high profile guests:  https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/choice-conversations/id315666764 

 

 

Bumper music:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2_jrvqMOxsY

7 Nighttime Rituals to Help You Unwind, Relax, and Chill Out (That Don’t Involve Alcohol)
How Cynical Personality Traits Affect Dementia Risk

Overcoming the Painful Desires and Beliefs That Feed Addiction

Feeling Down

“Taking responsibility for your beliefs and judgments gives you the power to change them.” ~Byron Katie

I had spent five horrible years in and out of rehabs and support groups for my substance use problems. Along the way, there were a few periods where I cleaned up for six months, eight months, and almost a whole year one time, but nothing seemed to stick.

The worst part was that even with all of the painful effort it took to keep the drug and alcohol use going, and all of the painful consequences that were piling up. I was happier in that life than I was during the sober trouble free times.

I believed that getting high and drunk was really great, and I believed that sober life was complete drudgery. These beliefs played themselves out quite predictably.

I felt tortured and deprived when I was sober. I would trudge to work, then I would trudge home, and hope that I could fall asleep quickly to end the misery until the morning.

Then I would wake up and do it all over again. I lived with a painful desire to get high and drunk the whole time.

I thought about it when I got up in the morning. I thought about it while I worked. I thought about it when I met with my counselors and therapists. I thought about it before, after, and during the support group meetings that were supposed to help me to resist the desire to get high and drunk.

I was hanging on by a thread—resisting my desire to get high and drunk one day at a time. Eventually, resisting would become too painful, too unfulfilling, and too unsatisfactory to maintain any longer.

I was resisting this desire so that I could stop bad things from happening in my life. But then I just ended up lacking bad things. I didn’t have any good things going on.

When I was abstinent, I didn’t have the thing I believed I needed to be happy and comfortable: heavy drug and alcohol use.

I took it for granted that I would always have a painful overpowering desire for heavy drug and alcohol use. I could fight it, or give in. I repeatedly gave up the fight and gave in to the desire.

But then I found a new approach. After years of being taught how to fight the desire, and years of failure, I found a way to change my desire.

I learned to accept my substance use habits as a simple pursuit of happiness activity (rather than as a compulsion). I learned that I was desiring it and doing it because I believed it was my best shot at feeling good. I learned that I could re-examine that belief once I acknowledged and accepted it.

I know this might be scary to people who’ve been taught that such habits have nothing to do with choice, but think about it—everything you do is because you believe you’ll benefit from it in some way.

In some cases, the benefits are small, like when smoking a cigarette, which is an extremely mild stimulant that may provide a good feeling for a few seconds or minutes. In other cases, the benefits can be big, like when going to college, which can result in more employment opportunities and job security that lasts a lifetime.

Everything we do is driven by our belief that it will bring us closer to some sort of happiness or benefit.

Now, getting back to my substance use habit—I had to take responsibility for my beliefs about drugs and alcohol.

I believed that drugs and alcohol were cure-alls, and that I needed them:

  • For the traumatic pain left over from my childhood
  • For my social anxiety, generalized anxiety, and depression
  • To have a good time at all in any way
  • To feel normal
  • To wake up in the morning
  • To go to bed at night
  • To be creative
  • To clear my mind

That’s a crazy list of powers I believed that drugs and alcohol had. Several of them are contradictory; yet, these beliefs are not uncommon at all.

Every time I hear someone express that they’re struggling to stay sober, such beliefs are involved. In fact, I saw someone complain about struggling to stay sober on Facebook recently, and she said:

“I hate that I can’t have a drink because I know it’ll quiet my mind and I’d relax.”

This is what creates desire. If you believe you need something to be happy, then you will desire it.

Unfortunately, our culture has done a great job of convincing us that drugs and alcohol have amazing powers to cure all of our ills. They have also done a great job convincing some of us that we need to “self-medicate” with these substances too.

The thing is, drugs and alcohol don’t medicate anything. But as long as you believe they are your medicine, you will feel deprived and suffer when you don’t have this medicine. The sooner you stop believing that they are medicine, the sooner this desire will go away.

The fact is, most of the emotional and behavioral experiences people have while using drugs and alcohol are subjectively created. They’re mostly an effect of expectancy. As a noted addiction researcher observed:

“Sometimes alcohol may be a relaxant (the martini after the hard day at the office) and sometimes it may act as a stimulant (the first drink at the party).” ~Norman Zinberg, Drug, Set, and Setting, 1986

Isn’t that a bit unbelievable? It’s a total contradiction and thus literally impossible. Stimulants and relaxants are total opposites. Yet, you probably know from your own experience or watching others that people can have both of these effects while drinking.

The key is to realize that these effects don’t come from the alcohol itself. They come from you.

The fact is that you don’t, in reality, need alcohol to relax, and you don’t need it to get wild at a party, because alcohol itself does neither of those things. If you want to relax, you can do it, with or without alcohol. Same goes for getting wild at a party.

And the same goes for the plethora of things we think drugs and alcohol do.

The reason for this is that you are actually cognitively creating these states with your intentions. You expect to have these experiences when you drink or drug, and that expectancy itself creates the experience.

There are plenty of other ways to intentionally put yourself into a relaxed state or any of the other states we believe are caused by substance use. The self-help world offers plenty of good advice on how to do this through mindfulness and other techniques. This website is a great resource for that.

I encourage readers to seek out such techniques if you feel you need them. However, before you do so, the best thing you can do is rid your mind of the belief that substance use is a cure-all. It is not.

If you haven’t broken these beliefs first, then in that moment that a new coping skill you learn doesn’t work so well for you (or you just don’t feel like using it—we’ve all been there!), you might feel tempted to return to substance use to deal with the problem.

If you have broken these beliefs, then you won’t feel tempted to use substances to cope. In this case, when a coping skill doesn’t work out, you’ll rightly look for a different coping method, rather than back to drugs and alcohol.

Stop giving drugs and alcohol credit for things that they don’t really do. Be mindful of these beliefs, and have the courage to change them. Once you do, you’ll find that you have much less of desire to use substances.

By severing the connection between stress and substance use, you can permanently end the phenomenon of feeling triggered to use substances when you encounter stress.

The same goes for severing the connection between substances and any of the other false benefits we’ve been taught to attribute to them. Then it’s up to you to decide how to deal with these life problems, but it will be much easier to solve them without the specter of a “relapse” hanging over your head.

I embraced the responsibility I had for my beliefs about substance use, and I examined them. I changed them. I ended up believing that drugs and alcohol didn’t have much to offer me anymore, and I believed I could be happier dedicating my time elsewhere.

Changing my beliefs was my choice. No one else could do it for me. Methadone couldn’t do it for me. Meetings couldn’t do it for me. Even the people who showed me these ideas couldn’t do it for me.

It was up to me to consciously question what I believed about the objects of my addiction, and how happy they could truly make me.

As a result of changing my beliefs, I haven’t had an issue with drugs and alcohol for twelve wonderful years now. I don’t feel deprived. I enjoy a drink now and then, without feeling desperation or loss-of-control.

When the normal troubles, hard times, and disappointments of life come along, I no longer feel like I need a drink or drug to deal with them, because I no longer believe they’ll help with the situation. When I’m bored, I no longer feel like I need substances to be entertained.

I now get to live my life feeling free of addiction, and it’s wonderful.

Photo by Kreg Steppe

Avatar of Steven Slate

About Steven Slate

Steven Slate is the Director of the Saint Jude Program in NYC. Saint Jude Retreats is an alternative to traditional alcohol and drug treatment with curriculum based on cognitive behavioral education methods for permanent and positive neuroplastic self-change that will foster productive behavioral patterns and improve choice making, for achieving personal goals and envisioned future.

The post Overcoming the Painful Desires and Beliefs That Feed Addiction appeared first on Tiny Buddha.

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Here’s Why Believing People Can Change Is So Important in Life
How To Get a Narcissist to Feel Empathy

BSP 109 Avoiding "Neuromania"

For the last 7+ years the Brain Science Podcast has been exploring how neuroscience is unraveling the mystery of how our brains make us human. Episode 109 was inspired by several recent books that explore the hazards of thinking that neuroscience is the ONLY path to understanding.

Complete show notes and episode transcripts are available at http://brainsciencepodcast.com.

BSP 108 Consciousness as Social Perception

In his new book "Consciousness and the Social Brain" neuroscientist Michael Graziano proposes that the same circuitry our brain uses to attribute awareness to others is used to create our own sense of awareness. Episode 108 is an interview with Dr. Graziano about this novel approach to the mystery of consciousness.

For detailed show notes and episode transcripts please visit http://brainsciencepodcast.com.

Send your feedback to brainsciencepodcast@gmail.com.

Reposted bypsychology psychology
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